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Skin Health Emporium

Ingredients Dictionary

We know some of you are more curious and love to all there is to know about the ingredients that are in your skincare products from the Skin Health Emporium (S.H.E)

Below you will find our comprehensive Ingredient Compendium for you to explore the ingredients that are in featured your products.

Note – if you suffer from any allergies please use this guide as a reference tool to avoid any possible allergens that you may know of. If in doubt, please consult with your health care professional to ensure your chosen products are suitable for your use.

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4-Ethoxybenzaldehyde – Skin brightening agent.

4-Methylbezylidene Camphor – provides aroma.

A

A Complex of Flavonoids and Synergistic Peptides: The unique combination of ingredients helps diminish the appearance of any dark circles and under-eye bags while reinforcing the look of firmness and tone of the skin.

Acai Berry: Coats skin cells in a soothing, protective and repairing shield of anti-oxidants enhanced by a rich dose of free radical quenching Vitamin C to prevent further damage; is high in antioxidants, has anti-inflammatory properties and assists in exercise and surgical recovery.

Acer Saccharine Extract / Sugar Maple Extract:  Keratolytic action aiding in smoothing the skin surface.  Source – species of the Maple.

Acetyl Hexapeptide-8:   Synthetic peptide used for anti-ageing benefits of smoothing fines lines and reducing wrinkle depth.

Acetyl Octapeptide-3 – also known as SNAP 8:  Anti-wrinkle peptide used to soften fine lines and wrinkles created by static facial expressions such as frowning and smiling.

Acidophilus/ Acidophilus Powder (L):  Probiotic (friendly bacteria); skin brightener; purifies; detoxifies.  Source – yogurt.

Acrylate Cross polymer:  Oil-absorbing agent helping to mattify the skin; forms a protective barrier against moisture loss; improves the performance of other ingredients in the formulation; give a pleasant texture and feel of a product.

Acrylate/Amino Acrylate Copolymer:  Conditioner. Source: plant amino acids.

Acrylates C10-30:  Emulsifying agent enabling oil and water to mix together for cleansing and skin conditioning benefits.

Acrylates/Dimethylaminoethyl Methacrylate Copolymer – moisture binding capabilities for the skin and protects the skin’s natural moisturising factors.

Active Cassia Betaglycan:  Boosts immunity; calming during immune reactions.  Source – Cassia bark.

Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Bark Extract: Soothing; astringent. Source- horse chestnut.

Aframomum Melegueta Seed Extract (Grains of Paradise):  Anti-inflammatory properties.  Source – is a species in the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.

African Pepper Seed: A skin purifier and anti-bacterial agent assist in controlling breakout activity while calming and soothing the inflammation.

Age-Defying Biopeptides:  Helps reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles  by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.

AGP Complex: Anti-aging; stimulates cell turnover; encourages cell growth; all the benefits of retinol with added antioxidants. AGP (arabinogalactan protein) conjugates from wine. Regulates sebaceous activity.

AHA blend: Glycolic, Lactic and Malic Salicylic Acid L–Ascorbic Acid:  this combination accelerates the cell turnover of epidermal keratinocytes, promotes a decrease in the melanosome transfer helping to reduce the appearance of pigmentation to produce a more even skin colour.

Alcohol Denat. – astringent; a de-greasing agent used for removal of excess sebum from the skin.

Alcohol (Ethyl alcohol, Ethanol) – solvent used to blend formulas together especially in the instance where oil and water are mixed.  Source – natural starches and sugars.

Aleurites Moluccana (Kukui) Seed Oil: Soothes and softens without leaving a greasy film. May be beneficial for the symptoms of eczema and psoriasis. As a massage oil, it offers glide without excess slip; barrier protection; contains essential fatty acids (linoleic and linolenic).

Alfalfa powder – rich source of proteins, vitamins, and chlorophyll.  Source – Lucerne – extract of Medicago Sativa

Algae Extract: Emollient and moisturising properties; inhibits wrinkles; provides multiple vitamin, protein and mineral benefits for the skin.  Source – Seaweed.

Alkyl:  Thickening agent – assist with creating the correct thickness of a cream formula.

All-Trans Retinol (0.1%): Helps promote collagen synthesis improving the smoothness and texture while increasing skin hydration to restore a luster and youthful radiance back to the delicate skin of your eye area.  Significantly diminishes the size and depth of lines and wrinkles, fades under eye shadows.

Allantoin:  Strong, safe Keratolytic agent; assists with cell proliferation and moisturising properties; stimulates tissue growth; antioxidant preventing free radical damage. Calming; soothing; increases water content in extracellular matrix enhancing desquamation, cell proliferation. Source: comfrey plant (Symphytum officinale).

Allyl Methacrylate Crosspolymer:  enhances the texture of the skin; provides a moisture binding skin smoothing enhancing the hydration and suppleness of the skin.

Aloe Barbadensis Extract/Gel/Juice: Improves skin hydration; soothes cuts, grazes, burns and insect bites; (water content of 96% saturates skin with intense moisture and hydration whilst soothing, calming and healing its outer protective barrier; seals in critical moisture that is lost during UV exposure and soothes inflammation while healing and repairing cell damage; strengthens skin.  Source – Aloe Vera plant.

Alpha Lipoic Acid: A tripeptide with antioxidant properties; helps reduce free-radical stimulation of melanin. Source: synthesized from L-cysteine, L-glutamic acid and glycine.

Alpha-tocopherol: This form of vitamin E neutralises free radicals and replenishes your skin lipids to reinforce its protective barrier function.

Alpha-Isomethyl (isomethylionone): creates a fragrance for a product.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid:  Powerful water and fat soluble antioxidant capable of reaching deeper layers of the skin tissue for anti-ageing benefits; improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.  Source – Spinach, Liver, Brewer’s Yeast.

Alumina:  Colour extender in cosmetic preparations.  Source – Bauxite and Corundum.

Aluminum Hydroxide: An astringent; y skin conditions.

Aluminium Starch Octenylsuccinate: An astringent; absorbent; antiseptic properties.  

Amino-Esters-1:  A mixture used as a stabilizing ingredient to prevent ingredients separating in a formula.

Aminobutyric Acid:  Colouring agent.  Source – occurs naturally in apples, rose oil, geraniums, grapes, strawberries and wormseed oil.

Aminoguanidine: Inhibitor of protein glycation (also called advanced Millard Reaction), which results in the formation of Advanced Glycation End Products (A.G. E’s) responsible for ageing.  Maintains skin suppleness.  Source: lab derived mimicking the ingredients in the body that prevent cross-linking.

Aminomethyl Propanol – emulsifying agent used to bind water and oil in a cream or lotion.

Ammonium Polyacryloyldimethyl Taurate:  Thickening and an emulsifying agent used in a product to enhance texture.

Anhydroxylitol:  Skin conditioning and hydrating ingredient; boosts the skins ingredient absorption ability.

Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Wood Oil: Antiseptic; soothing for cane, dermatitis, sensitive and traumatized skin.  Source – Aniba Rosaeodora tree.

Anthemis nobilis:  Known as Roman chamomile, this is a low perennial plant that has daisy-like flowers.  It is found in Europe, North America, and Argentina.  Chemical constituents include pinocarvone, pinene, Bisabolol, farnesol, pinocarveol, 18-cineole, azulene, b-caryophyllene, camphene, myrcene, butyl angelate.  Its properties are soothing, calming, detoxifying, and purifying.  Source: Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis).

Antioxidants: Protect skin against the effect of free radicals.  Source – plants; fruits; vegetables; man-made.

Apple Pectin:  Helps to cleanse the intestinal tract eliminating
excessive cholesterol and toxins.  Source – apple skin

Apple Stem Cell:  Reduces wrinkles depth and appearance; improves skin elasticity; protects against UV-induced ageing.  Source – Swiss Apple

APS Corrective Complex™ Peptides help support skin: Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5, Hydrolysed Silk (Sericin), Dipalmitoyl Hydroxyproline stimulate the dermal remodeling of your skin targeting the seat of your skin ageing where collagen stimulation is critical.

Aqua / Water / Eau: (Cosmedix uses distilled water).  Water.

Arachidyl Alcohol/ Glucoside: A fatty alcohol soothes sensitised and irritated skin; prevents skin rashes; strengthens the immune response in the skin.

Arbutin – Antioxidant and skin conditioner.  Source – dried leaves of blueberries, cranberries, pear plants and bearberries.

Argan Oil:  Deeply moisturising; powerful anti-oxidant; emollient and calming; skin protectants; rich in Omega 6 & 9 and Vitamin E; soothes eczema, burns, rashes, severely dry skin, blemishes, discoloration, chapped lips and inflamed irritated psoriasis. Non-greasy, non-irritating and leaves skin feeling smooth and soft.
Source – Argan Tree

Argireline (Acetyl Hexapeptide-3):  Protein peptide to reduce the appearance of your expression lines and wrinkles by aiding in relaxing facial muscles by intercepting the pathway of muscle contractions.

Arnica:  Anti-bruising; antimicrobial action; supports and protects to the delicate blood vessels that are vulnerable to breakage if your skin’s health is compromised by sensitivity, irritation, and inflammation.  Source – Wolf’s bane

Artemia Extract: Antioxidant; anti-ageing benefits; boosts the benefits of other snit-ageing ingredients; enhances the extracellular matrix of the skin aiding in moisture retention and a more hydrated skin.  Source – zooplankton, specifically the species Artemia salina.

Ascorbic Acid (L):  Scavenges and destroys reactive oxidizing agents and other free radicals; provides protection against damage induced by UV radiation; helps improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles; soothes, and suppresses cutaneous pigmentation. Source: ascorbates such as leafy vegetables, berries, citrus fruits, guavas, tomatoes, melons, papaya etc. (Ascorbyl Palmitate)

Ascorbyl Glucoside: Vitamin C derivative; skin brightener; prevents pigmentation; lightens the appearance of skin discolorations; anti-oxidant; collagen synthesiser to smooth fine lines and wrinkles.

Asiatic Acid:  Skin conditioner; plumps the skin by increasing collagen production and increasing the moisture volume of the deeper layers of the skin.   Source – Centella asiatica leaves.

Aspergillus/Aspidosperma Quebracho Ferment:  Skin brightener; reduces pigmentation; blocks production of excess pigment.

Astaxanthin (BioAstin):  A potent antioxidant over 500 times stronger than Vitamin E and 10 times stronger than beta-carotene.  Carotenoids, especially Astaxanthin, protects cells against oxidation by quenching singlet oxygen and dissipating its energy as heat and scavenging free radicals to prevent and terminate chain reactions.  Due to its molecular structure, Astaxanthin is an extremely powerful anti-oxidant.  source: green microalgae.

Australian Sandalwood Oil: Nature’s own soothing, anti-irritating and skin comforting essential oil intensively boosting skin hydration while calming and soothing your sensitive skin.

Avena Sativa Kernel Extract:  Anti-inflammatory; soothing; healing and calming; reinforces the skin’s natural defense mechanisms by strengthening the immune response of the skin and its inflammatory regulators.

Azelaic Acid: Powerful antimicrobial especially for Acne; reduces sebum (skin oil) biosynthesis (formation); an effective skin lightener; reduces acne-related hyperpigmentation; stimulates the cell renewal process.

Azulene:  A constituent of Chamomile; soothing and calming to inflamed skin conditions, rashes, sunburn, Eczema, and Psoriasis.  Source – Chamomile

B

B5, B6, and B12: Vitamin B’s that support normal cell function, controls sebum production, counteracts stress responses and supports the nervous and hormone systems.

Bamboo Powder (in a high %): gently and effectively buffs and polishes the skin to smooth and retextures the surface.

Barberry: greatly assists with liver detoxification, has anti-candida benefits and has a high anti-oxidant protective function for the body and skin.

Barley grass: a rich nutrient containing 7 times the Vitamin C in oranges and 5 times more iron than spinach; very alkaline assisting in neutralising the bodies internal environment. It is high in fiber to assist in the body’s natural elimination processes.

Bentonite: Absorbs excess oil/sebum from skin; reduces shine; an emulsifier; soothes the skin.

Benzoyl Alcohol: Preservative and solvent; Source – Jasmine, Hyacinth.

Beracare AAATM: Produced in partnership with small communities of the Brazilian rain forest comes this patented 100% natural certified organic synergy of Acai extract, Andiroba extract, and Copaiba Balsam.  Clinically proven to reduce blackheads by up to 72% and skin mattifying action of 65% all without the dryness and irritation often associated with chemically based ingredients such as Benzoyl Peroxide.

Bergamot: anti-bacterial and oil reducing for acne/oily skins; used as a soothing ingredient to treat eczema and psoriasis.  Source: Bergamot tree’s fruit.

Beta Glucan: helps support the skin’s natural healing processes by enhancing your skin’s own immune function for defense and repair against oxidative and environmental stressors.

Beta-Carotene (D): Precursor to Vitamin A; antioxidant; immune booster.  Source: plants and vegetables i.e. carrots

Beta-Vulgaris: High in Iron.  Source: Beetroot

Betaine: Maintains moisture, water balance, and reduces the negative effects of dehydration on the skin improving overall skin health, smoothness, and suppleness.

Biotin (D): Skin conditioner and softening benefits; helps with Dermatitis.  Used to clarify and regenerate the skin.  Source: every living cell, yeast, and milk.

Bisabolol (L-Alpha): Calming; increases skin hydration, surface lipids, moisture and skin elasticity.

Blue Cornmeal – Physical exfoliant.

Blue Green Algae– complete protein, rich in antioxidants & other nutrients assisting the skin with hydration, detoxification and regeneration.

Blueberry Extract: Naturally derived, both an antioxidant and anti-glycation ingredient; helps fortify your skin’s matrix and softening lines and firming your skin.

Borage Oil: Contains an essential fatty acid that is supportive to cell membranes. Topically, it moisturizes and provides protection for the natural oil barrier present in the skin.

Boron Nitride: Illuminating for the skin; optimizes the optical diffusion effect of light, which lessens the visibility of dark circles and discolorations around your eye area.

Botanical Complex LSCD™: A proprietary oil soluble blend of Burdock, Elder Flower, Lavender, Calendula, and Cleavers extracts known for their soothing and calming actions.

Botanical Complex SCA™ – A proprietary water soluble blend of Nettle, Melissa, Elderflower, and Cleavers & Plantain extracts known for their astringent and soothing and calming action.

Broccoli Powder: High in Vit C and soluble fiber.  Contains multiple nutrients with diindolylmethane and selenium and glucoraphanin making it a super nutrient for the health and wellbeing of the skin.

Bromelain enzymes: from the pineapple fruit; breaks up and digests dead skin cell to enhance the surface texture of the skin.

Butcher’s Broom Extract: Supports the vascular system of the body and skin aiding in strengthening blood vessel walls aiding in preventing broken capillaries.  Source – prickly plant indigenous to the Mediterranean regions.

Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane: provides sunscreen and SPF to a formula.

Butylene Glycol: a gentle solvent; humectant to improve overall skin hydration.  Source –  formed by fermentation of carbohydrate solutions with organisms of the Bacillus subtilis group.

Butyrospermum Parkii: also, known as Shea Butter – Protects against UV-induced skin redness (erythema); soothes superficial (epidermal) skin layers.  It is used as a moisturiser, emollient and soothing agent.  Has been used to soothe burns, rashes, severely dry skin, blemishes, skin discolorations and chapped lips.  Source: Shea Butter from the Karite Tree.

 

c

Caffeine: Anti-oxidant, purifying; stimulant to detoxification processes in the body – Source –  coffee beans.

Calendula Officinalis: Calming and purifying antioxidant – Source – Marigold Flowers

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract: naturally existing and rich in antioxidant polyphenols that protect cell structures to prevent DNA damage to bodily cells, including skin cells.

Camu Camu: Fruit containing many nutrients including Vitamin C, beta-carotene, fatty acids, proteins, and others; used for its skin protective anti-oxidant properties for optimal skin health and function.

Canadian Willowherb™ Extract: A non-steroid anti-irritant that rapidly soothes and calms inflamed skin whilst delivering antioxidant protection to prevent oxidative stress to vulnerable skins; by reduces redness, heat, and pain in skin tissue when it is inflamed.

Cananga ororata: Calming and soothing to the sensitive and delicate skin.  Source – Ylang Ylang Essential Oil.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: Emollient; skin softener.  Source: Coconut milk fatty acid.

Carrot Seed Oil, Rose Geranium, Sandalwood & Lavender: a combination of plant-based oils that are used to bind minerals together to deliver a flawless finish to your foundation application.

Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil: Works as a lubricant with slightly occlusive properties to soften dryness, smooth roughness and soothe the skin. Linoleic acid offers powerful dirt and oil-removing abilities without disrupting the skin’s natural water and oil balance.

Cassia Angustifolia: Moisturising; softening; enhances skin texture – Source: seed polysaccharides.

Cassia Beta Glycan: Calming during an immune reaction where the skin is irritated, itching, stinging or burning. Source: cassia bark.

Catalase: Catalytic enzyme which converts potentially harmful hydrogen peroxide into harmless water and oxygen to prevent ageing of the skin – Source: Plants

Centella Asiatica: Rich in beta-carotene, sterols (campesterol, stigmasterol and sitosterol), saponins (also called triterpenoids), alkaloids, flavonols, saccharides, amino fatty acids, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, zinc and Vitamins B1, B2, B3, C and K.  Contains skin rejuvenation, astringent, detoxifying and calming properties.  Source: leaves and root of the Gotu Kola plant.

Ceramide & Milk Lipids: Keep skin hydrated & luminous imparting a softer and more supple skin texture.

Ceramides –  In human skin, ceramides are the major lipid constituents of the stratum Corneum (outermost layer of the skin) and, together with other lipids they play a crucial role in the skin barrier function to prevent chronic dehydration, skin irritations and reactions.

Cetyl Alcohol: Emulsifier; skin conditioning emollient.

Chamomile Extract: Provides superior soothing, calming and comforting effects for all inflamed and stressed skin conditions.

Cherry Bark: Regenerative; calming; antioxidant; detoxifying. Source: wild cherry bark (Prunus serotina).

Chirally Correct L-Lactic Acid (5%): Exfoliates away pore-clogging impurities producing an ultra-smooth, congestion free and radiantly hydrated finish to the skin.

Chirally Correct L-Superoxide Dismutase: Fights harmful superoxide free radicals and provides supreme protection against ageing of the skin.

Chlorella:  60% protein containing 8 essential amino acids, provides 300% of the daily requirement of B12 and Vitamin C.  A super-nutrient for internal body cleansing and rejuvenation of cells.

Cholesteryl Stearate/Carbonate Complex (liquid Crystals)- Supports and nourishes the vital liquid crystal matrix of cell membranes.  All body components, from DNA to cell membranes to muscles, exist in a liquid crystal state.  Properties include being intensely moistening and repairing with protective antioxidant properties.  Source: Plant Cells.

Cholic Acid (D): Mattifying and oil absorbing.  Source: Aloe saponins.

Chromium:  Facilitates the uptake of glucose and balances blood sugars to reduce sugar cravings.

ChroNOline™: A potent and very powerful peptide which works to increase plumpness, volume and thickness of the skin; improves the visible appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while providing superior collagen building effect to the skin.

Chrysin and N-Hydroxysuccinimide:  Clears and reduces the dull dark pigment that causes a dark appearance under the eyes.

Cinnamon Extract:  Regulates sebum (oil) production; prevents pore bacteria from multiplying to reduce blemish size, severity and longevity.

Citric Acid: A beta hydroxy acid helps preserve the skin’s Natural Moisturising Factors (NMF), provides anti-oxidant protection while gently loosening the bonds between dead skin cells aiding in the natural exfoliation of the skin.  Source: Citrus fruits.

Citrus aurantifolia: Essential Oil; refreshing fragrance with detoxifying, astringent and purifying properties for the skin.  Source: Limes.

Citrus aurantium bergamia: Purifying; fragrant oil.  Source: Bergamot Fruit.

Citrus aurantium dulcis: Skin conditioning oil; fragrant.  Source: Sweet orange.

Citrus gradis:  Essential Oil; stimulating fragrance.  Source: Grapefruit.

Citrus Medica Limonum: Essential Oil; deep cleansing; astringent for oily skin conditions; intensely fragrant.  Source: Lemon peel.

Citrus reticulata: An uplifting and invigorating fragrance; essential oil.  Source: Tangerine Leaf.

Citrus Sinensis var. Sanguina: Rich in beta-carotene; antioxidant; essential oil.  Source: Blood orange.

Coccinia Indica Fruit Extract:   Skin conditioner. Source – fruit of Coccinia indica.

Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine: Mild surfactant; foaming and skin degreasing properties.  Source: Coconut.

Coco-Caprylate/Caprate: Skin conditioning emollient.  Source: Coconut.

Cocos nucifera (Cococin):  Contains growth factors called kinetin that stimulates the skin’s natural growth cycles to improve overall skin health and regeneration.  It is rich in nutrients and contains amino acids, sugars, and vitamins to assist cells in their growth processes.

Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone): A fat-soluble vitamin-like substance vital to the production of energy within cells. Improves collagen and glycosaminoglycan levels in the Dermis helping to plump out wrinkles as while encouraging your Epidermis to renew and regenerate.  Coenzyme Q10 provides skin cells DNA with a powerful shield of anti-oxidant protection against UV exposure. Restores Vitamin E to its natural and potent antioxidant form helping to stabilise the lipid dense cell membrane.

Coffee Berry: Combined with zinc oxide, enhances UVA and UVB protection for the skin preventing sun-related skin ageing.

Collinsonia Canadensis: It has been found to have astringent properties.  Source: stone root extract.

Comfrey Extract: With clinically-proven anti-inflammatory and healing properties this botanical extract dramatically soothes and calms the skin while and reducing swollen and infected breakouts.

Commiphora myrrh:  Calming and soothing, astringent; purifying, detoxifying; essential oil.  Source: Myrrh.

Concentrated omega-3 triglycerides: Fish equivalent, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) equivalent, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) d-Alpha-Tocopherol (vitamin E) equivalent to natural vitamin E.  Contains amino and organic acids that are claimed to strengthen the skin’s acid mantle while reinforcing and replenishing cell membranes.

Copper Complex: Complex includes copper salicylates, copper amino acids, copper gluconate, chlorophyll in copper. Encourages the appearance of firmer, younger-looking skin by softening the look of your fine lines and wrinkles.  Delivers vital minerals directly to the skin to calm and strengthen while increasing your skin’s natural repair mechanisms.

Copper PCA: A unique copper-based antioxidant (patented).

Cranberry Enzymes: Fights free radicals and act as a catalyst to break down large proteins into nutrients (amino acids) that can be repurposed by the body to build new and healthier proteins such as collagen and elastin.  Imparts a soothing effect on inflamed skin tissue.

Cucumber: A multi-talented botanical which soothes and tightens tired, stressed skin; delivers moisture-binding, moisture regulating, soothing, skin tightening, anti-itching, refreshing and anti-inflammatory benefits to the skin.

Cucumis Sativus: High in silica content to intensely moisten and hydrate dry skin conditions.  High in shikimate dehydrogenase that has a soothing effect on the skin.  Source: Cucumber

CUMERONE®: Premium extract of curcumin. Source – Curcuma longa (Turmeric).

Cupressus Sempervirens (Cypress) Leaf/Nut/Stem Oil – Provides anti-bacterial benefits.  Source – Cypress Tree

Cuspidatum (Resveratrol): Antioxidants shielding the skin from environmental free radical aggressors such as UV, pollution, and lifestyle factors.

Cymbopogon schoenanthus: Rich in geraniol and citral found to have detoxifying, purifying, calming and antioxidant properties and natural insect repelling properties.  Source: Organic lemongrass.

 

d

D-Aloe Vera: Regenerative; antioxidant; naturally soothing and calming properties; embalms the skin surface in a hydrating shield to reinforce the skin’s natural barrier function and provide superior skin conditioning.

D-Alpha-Tocopherol: Powerful antioxidant. 100% pure right-handed Vitamin E more effective as super skin nutrient. Source – sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum).

D-Beta Fructan: Builds up moisture levels in the skin tissue; helps guide the activity of glucosamine into the deeper parts of skin cells to ensure maximum results.

D-Beta Glucosamine: Builds moisture levels in the skin; supplies vital Nitrogen to the skin’s integral structures and enhances the exchange of nutrients in and out of cells; keeps the Epidermis (outer skin layer) in tighter alignment with the Dermis (deeper skin layers including Collagen and Elastin network).  Source: Chinese foxglove.

D-Biotin: Soothes impaired skin conditions such as Eczema and Psoriasis; prevents chronic dryness; has a regenerative effect on skin tissue. Source: right-handed Vitamin H from yeast.

D-Boldine: Powerful antioxidant; calming with melanin suppressing properties to aid in the treatment of pigmentation and age-related skin discoloration. Source: Chilean Boldo Tree (Peumus boldus).

D-Cholic Acid: Helps mattify the skin and stimulates critical ceramide production to maintain optimal health and protective function of the skin.

D-Glucuronic: Basic building block of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate; a precursor to Vitamin C and a vital component to the production of collagen; highly moisturizing; nature’s chief detoxifier in plants and animals.

D2O Heavy Water: Known as D2O (deuterium oxide); 10% heavier than regular water; it protects DNA from free radicals and ionizing radiation which cause skin ageing; helps deter bacteria from multiplying in skin follicles; enhances deeper ingredient penetration into the skin; calming; helps maintain moisture levels in the skin improving overall hydration.

Decyl Glucoside: Surfactant; degreasing; foaming agent; non-toxic; non-Comedogenic.  Source:  sugar, corn.

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA): Rejuvenates and mattifies oily skin; stimulates the skin’s immune system to help reinforce optimal protective function; relieves dry skin conditions. Source: Wild Yams (Dioscorea villosa).

Dimethicone/Dimethicone Copolyol: Conditions, softens and soothes the skin; provides a protective breathable shield over the skin sealing and healing any impaired barrier function.  Source: silicone.

Dimethylmethoxy Chromanol: has unique antioxidant properties discovered by Medik8

Dioctyl Ether: Cleanser; degreasing agent.  Source: Coconuts.

Dioic Acid: Naturally derived from vegetables, this ingredient helps reduce excess oil helping to mattify oily skin and long-term breakout prevention.

Dipeptide-2, Hesperidin Methyl Chalcone: Reduces chronic puffiness of the eye area.

Disodium Laureth Sulfosuccinate: Mild surfactant suitable for sensitive skin as a gentle degreasing and cleansing agent.  Source: coconut oil.

Dunaliella salina extract: colourless carotenoids; proven to stabilise and protect retinol (Vit A) against degradation to maintain its potency and strength in its skin resurfacing abilities. Source – unicellular algae, green tea, sea salt, and micro-algae.

e

Emulsifying Wax NF:  Emulsifier.  Source – fatty alcohols of plants.

Encapsulated Retinol: stabilised Vitamin A; smooths dry, sun damaged, rough ageing skin through the stimulation of exfoliation and reprogramming of healthy cell function.

Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF): Stimulates Epidermal growth and healthy cell development; produces a more even skin with fewer blemishes, discolorations and flaws.  Source: yeast

Epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG): Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial actions support a delicate skin tissue during times of inflammation and stress to soothe and comfort; Prevents UV-induced skin issues such as redness (erythema) and swelling.  Source: green tea heart.

Epilobium angustifolium:  Contains the highly bio-active molecule oenothein-B which provides intensive and rapid soothing and calming benefits to inflamed skin conditions and chronically inflamed skin disorders such as Eczema and Psoriasis. Source:  Canadian Willowherb.

Ergothioneine (EGT): Powerful anti-oxidant that help to counteract and scavenge free radical damage; works synergistically with vitamin E in shielding cell membranes from free radical assault.

Ethanol derived from wheat alcohol: Has an astringent benefit to dry breakouts without irritating the skin.

Ethyl Linoleate: Essential fatty acid ester helps promote even looking skin tone and helps support barrier function.

Eucalyptus globules:  Detoxifying, purifying; anti-bacterial effects on bacteria associated with acne breakouts.  Source: eucalyptus leaves.

f

Fallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Extract equivalent root dry 50g (50,00mg), equiv resveratrol 100mg.

Ferulic acid – A plant-based antioxidant; neutralizes free radicals and supports the antioxidant functions and benefits of Vitamins C and E.

Five Firming Peptides: Anti-ageing; strengthens and supports weak sagging skin; smooths the appearance of lines, wrinkles, dark circles, and puffiness; stimulates microcirculation to flush discolorations and dark circles from under the eye area.

Formaldehyde: Preservative.

Fructan (D-Beta Fructose):  Skin conditioner; supports moisture retention to improve the suppleness of skin and smooth fine lines associated with dehydration.  Source: chains of glucose molecules from the date plant.

Fruit acid blend (Glycolic, Citric, Malic, Tartaric, Lactic): A melody of Hydroxy Acids working in combination to gently exfoliate dead skin cells, diminish fine lines and wrinkles, reduce and control pigmentation, increase hydration and provide a luminous finish to the appearance of the skin.

Fruit Acids: Naturally occurring acids with a low pH that breaks links between surface skin cells to slough them off, encourage moisture production and even out the skin texture.  Source – Citrus Fruits, Grapes, and Apples.

Fullersomes (Fullerenes): Delivery agents that encapsulate active ingredients, anti-oxidants, and essential oils to extend their functional life, optimise their benefits and maintain their purity.

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Geranium Oil: An excellent astringent, skin toner and antibacterial treatment. Helps to increase circulation in the skin tissues, improving the overall health of the skin.

Glucosamine: Forms part of the skin’s Natural Moisturising Factor (NMF); alleviates skin dryness; facilitates exfoliation.  Source – grains, shellfish, lichen.

Glucuronic Acid (D):  The basic building block of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin Sulfate which are critical components for keeping the skin hydrated and plump; acts as detoxifier; precursor to Vitamin C.  Source: gum from Acacia Tree.

Glucuronolactone – Strengthening; detoxifying; skin softening. Source: glucuronic and lactic acids.

Glutathione (L): Antioxidant from purslane.  Source: Spinach.

Glycerin: Superior skin conditioner; draws moisture from the air to keep skin and hair moist and soft; emollient and smoothing properties lubricates the skin surface while preventing moisture loss; emulsifier (thickener) and diluting agent.  Source: plants

Glycerol Ricinoleate: Solvent; emollient; skin hydrating humectant.  Source: vegetable oil.

Glyceryl Stearate: Emulsifier; solvent; skin hydrating humectant; skin conditioning emollient.  Source: Palm kernel oil.

Glycine Soja:  Firms and smooths the skin; provides antioxidant protection for anti-ageing benefits; scavenges free radicals; inhibits UV-induced skin inflammation and redness (erythema); delays UV-induced skin ageing.  Source: soya bean germ.

Glycol Distearate: Thickening agent.  Source: Glycerin and natural fatty acids.

Glycolic acid: This AHA eliminates dead skin cell build-up from the skin surface and in follicles that are congested with blackheads; improves the skin’s hydration by encouraging an even distribution of moisture in the skin; small size of the acids molecules all penetrates deep and quickly breaking the intercellular bonds of skin cells at various stages of the cells development and maturation, i.e., the process of skin cells maturing and hardening prior to their natural exfoliation from the skin surface bringing newer and healthier cells to the surface faster.

Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract – Natural extract, rich in glabridin; highly effective antioxidant with vast and sophisticated skin brightening qualities; ability to inhibit and disrupt the melanin production pathways.  Powerful anti-inflammatory against UVB-induced erythema.  Source: licorice root.

Grape Seed Extract: Potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant that protects the skin from UV-induced oxidative stress, inflammation, and redness (erythema).

Grapefruit Extract /Oil: Uplifting, nourishing and refreshing essential oil; stimulates the skin natural cell renewal process; uplifting and relaxing scent induces a positive mind state while refreshing and awakening the complexion to reveal a brighter, more radiant healthy glow.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Leaf Extract: Delivers antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-viral skin soothing benefits; Protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation.  Rich in catechin ECGC, Green Tea delivers anti-inflammatory actions while inhibiting the production of melanin which leads to skin discolorations.

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Hamamelis Virginiana (witch hazel): Astringent; soothing; purifying and cleansing the remove all surface and pore impurities to reveal a refreshed and brighter complexion.  Source: plant extract of the Witch Hazel Tree.

Helianthus annuus – Skin conditioning emollient.  Source: Sunflower Seeds.

Hemp seed Oil:

Herbal Amaranth: A herb-derived, gluten-free protein, packed with a complete set of amino acids to help prevent moisture loss and encourages balanced hydration so your skin is always soft and supple.

Hesperidin/Dipeptides are a complex of clinically proven actives to reduce puffiness, eye bags and stimulate microcirculation around your eye area.

Hexadecyl D-Glucoside: Emollient; moisturising.  Source: coconuts.

Hexylresorcinol – Helps to brighten the skin.

Homeosta SEA™ – complex derived from brown algae and brown seaweed in the Atlantic Ocean near the coast of Brittany, France.  Dramatically maintains the skin’s health and its appearance by stimulating healthy cell growth, soothing and calming, protecting against free radical damage and providing superior skin hydration.

Horse Chestnut: (Aesculus Hippocastanum) soothing; astringent.

Human Fibroblast Conditioned Media (TNS®): A physiologically balanced, naturally secreted and stabilized combination of multiple human growth factors responsible for collagen and other extracellular matrix proteins to smooth wrinkles, lines and plump your skin.

Hyaluronic acid: A natural humectant capable of holding 1,000 times its own weight in water; provides hydration for the skin without clogging pores, making it an ideal ingredient for acne-prone skin.

Hyaluronic Filling Spheres: Dehydrated filling spheres, containing hyaluronic acid, help trap water on the surface of the skin like a sponge to smooth, soften and revitalise the skin’s texture and appearance.

Hydrolyzed Hyaluronic Acid: A low molecular weight, low particle sized form of hyaluronic acid with a deeply hydrating ability to penetrate the skin’s stratum Corneum. It does not wash off but rather remains in the skin to trap water and deliver longer lasting and deeper moisturising hydration for the epidermis.

Hydrolyzed Yeast Protein: Skin conditioning benefits while helping to control sebum production.  Source: fungi, yeast.

Hydroxysuccinimide:  Works in conjunction with Chrysin promotes micro-circulation reduces the appearance of dark circles under and around the eyes.

Hypericum Pg:  A Plant extract that represents a standardised extract of St. John’s Wart with proven anti-inflammatory as well as healing and radical-scavenging properties for the skin.  Source – plant sources.

 

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Inca Omega Oil: Rich in Omegas which are beneficial for the restoring and reinforcing the skin’s own natural stores of nourishing skin oils that are critical for the health and function of the skin’s barrier function.

Indigofera tinctoria:  A naturally derived colorant. Source: wild indigo plant.

Iron Oxides: Naturally derived colouring agents used widely in cosmetics to provide colour and camouflage.

Ivy Extract:  Stimulates circulation and soothes the skin.

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Jasminum officinale:  Conditions and softens the skin.  Source – Jasmine flower.

Jojoba Esters (Beads):  Gently polishes uneven skin improving texture while conditioning the skin.

Jojoba Oil:   Similar in the composition of human sebum; lightweight and easily absorbed into the skin imparting a hydrating and emollient effect. Source: Jojoba plant (Simmondsia Chinensis).

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Kakadu Plum:   An Australian native fruit known for its high antioxidant content, including Vitamin C, assists in reversing free radical damage.

Kaolin:  A natural silicate (known as china clay) which contains active quartz.; oil absorbing and deep-cleansing action to draw impurities, oils, and toxins from skin pores.

Kelp: A mineral rich source of iodine; encourages detoxification of skin tissues with the overall physical benefit of improving energy and thyroid balance.

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L-Alpha Bisabolol:  Regenerative skin benefits; antioxidant; calming to sensitive skin conditions. Source: Chamomile.

L-Ascorbic Acid:  Lauded for its superior antioxidant benefits, this highly potent form of pure vitamin C helps neutralize free radicals and helps protects skin against oxidative stress; provides visible anti-aging benefits; improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, calming; detoxifying; skin brightener; controls inflammation and immune system reactivity during UV exposure.

L-Bisabolol:  Detoxifying and purifying for problem skin conditions; calming, soothing and comforting for stressed and sensitive skins. Source: Chamomile.

L-Glutathione:  Potent antioxidant found naturally in the skin in L form; A tripeptide with antioxidant properties; helps control melanin productions in the skin. Source: synthesized from L-cysteine, L-glutamic acid and glycine.

L-Lactic Acid:  Skin digestive agent that softens, hydrates, smooths and conditions the skin while reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and pigmentation.   Source: chirally corrected Lactic Acid from yogurt.

L-Limonene: Detoxifying and purifying. Source – Citrus.

L-Malic Acid: Large molecular size Hydroxy Acid that provides gentle exfoliation.   Source – Apples.

L-Mandelic Acid:  A gentle AHA exfoliator that surpasses the skin renewal results of Glycolic Acid; inhibits bacterial growth in pores to reduce the severity and longevity of skin breakouts; antioxidant; humectants; suppresses pigmentation and inflammation; increases cell turnover; detoxifying. Source – bitter almonds (Prunus dulcis).

L-Melaleuca:  Detoxifying. Source: Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia).

L-Menthol:  Cooling, calming & soothing. Source – Japanese mint (Menta arvensis).

L-Pipecolic:   Assist the skin’s natural moisture barrier to prevent dehydration.

L-Proline:  An amino acid that improves cell membrane strength, texture and helps improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

L-Sodium Hyaluronate:  Binds 1000 times its own weight in water. Naturally found in the skin tissue.   Provides plumping of the deeper layers of the skin helping to smooth fine lines and increase the volume of the skin.

L-Sodium Lactate: Lactic acid salt naturally occurring in human skin; moisturising and moisture binding. Source: yogurt.

L-Sodium PCA: A high-performance skin hydrating humectant and component of skin’s NMF (natural moisturizing factor). Source – molasses.

L-Superoxide Dismutase: Natural antioxidant found in cells that protect DNA from toxic and ageing superoxide radicals.

L-Tartaric Acid: Gentle AHA exfoliation. Source: Wine.

Lactic Acid: A therapeutic Alpha-Hydroxy Acid with multiple skin rejuvenation and skin regenerative actions; increases the water-holding capacity of the skin; provides a slow release action on cell proliferation producing a gradual, steady, even exfoliation and skin resurfacing results.  Source – sour milk or yogurt.

Lanablue®: A unique variety of blue-green algae extracted from the beautiful unpolluted Klamath Lake, that mimics the beneficial effects of topical retinoic acid (Vitamin A) on the outer and deeper layers of the skin by controlling the behavior of the genes that are responsible for the growth of the tissues in your dermis and epidermis.

Lauric Acid:  Has a strong antibacterial action to counteract inflammation, pus, and swelling of blemishes and infected lesions of the skin associated with Acne and oily skin conditions.

Lavender Oil: Naturally soothing, anti-inflammatory ingredient; calms the visible effects of irritation, stress, and redness (erythema) in the skin.  Source – Lavender plant

Lavendula Angustifolia: purifying and detoxifying.  Source: flowering tops of the lavender plant.

Lecithin: Antioxidant properties with skin conditioning and emollient benefits.  Source: egg yolk and soybeans.

Lemon Tea Tree Oil: A potent astringent with antibacterial and deep cleansing actions on oily and breakout-prone skins.  This essential oil also has an anti-inflammatory benefit to bring relief to inflamed and painful breakouts helping to heal them faster and prevent further infection.

Lemongrass: Powerful detoxifying agent stimulating your liver’s own natural detoxification and filtration processes.

Lentil Seed Extract: Mattifies oily skin conditions helping diminish the appearance of large pores.  Source – Lentils

LG-Retinex: A microencapsulated Retinol complex suitable for drier, sensitive skin to encourage skin renewal and reduce the look of medium to deep wrinkles and imperfections on the ageing skin.

LHA (capryloyl salicylic acid): A lipo-hydroxy acid that evenly exfoliates, decongests pores, and refines the skin’s surface texture; anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effects on breakouts.

Licorice: A potent inhibitor of melanin production aiding in reducing pigmentation and controlling future overproduction of melanin and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.  Imparts powerful anti-inflammatory effects on the inflamed skin.

Linden extract: Credited with soothing and hydrating qualities; stimulates circulation; calming; skin conditioning emollient; regenerative for ageing skin. Source – Karite tree (Butyrospermum paradoxum).

Limonene (L): A compound found in citrus fruit with detoxifying and purifying properties.  Source – Citrus.

Liquid Crystals – Provide deep and long lasting dermal hydration by bathing collagen and elastin in nutrient dense and nourishing crystals to retain the snap and plumpness of the skin; supports and nourishes the liquid crystal matrix of dermal tissue and cell membranes providing strength and resistance for the skin.

Lumiratm: A clinically tested, highly effective ingredient complex that addresses the appearance of skin discoloration helping to lighten and brighten the skin where pigmentation is present.

 

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Macadamia Oil: Provides lightweight skin conditioning and nourishing benefits; protects the skin’s natural barrier function helping to strengthen the skin; restores a sophisticated combination of nourishment, suppleness, and hydration back to a dry and ageing skin.

Magnesium Aluminum Silicate:  Thickening agent.
 Source: naturally occurring mineral clay.

Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate:   Combination of 3 forms of stable, long-lasting Vitamin C providing anti-oxidant protection, stimulates collagen production, smoothes fine lines and other ageing related skin conditions.  Source –

Magnolia grandi flora extract (PhytoDefense CLR):  Buffers the delicate and sensitive skin conditions with dramatically intensive calming and soothing properties.

Malic Acid:  Skin Conditioning and gentle exfoliating Fruit Acid.  Source – Apples

Mallow Extract:  Its anti-inflammatory, healing, soothing, refreshing, and emollient properties are attributed to this ingredient when in contact with water; swells and forms a soft, soothing, protective gel in folkloric medicine acting as a salve for wounds and cuts.

Maltodextrin: A saccharide (sugar-like) material created through the hydrolysis of starch.  It protects the skin own natural enzymes at a molecular level, preventing them from breaking down and becoming oxidised by free radical damage.  Source – Starch.

Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture: Delivers a revolutionary anti-ageing effects via a unique liposomal system to ensure purity and stability for visible skin rejuvenation results.  Source – Apple Stem Cells

Mandelic Acid – Skin conditioner; antioxidant; skin hydrating humectant; suppresses pigmentation and its calming and soothing effects prevent post inflammatory hyperpigmentation; increases cell turnover and detoxifies the skin.  Source: Bitter Almonds.

Mangosteen Peel Extract: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial properties.

Matrixyl 3000: Stimulates collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid synthesis to increase the volume and plumpness of an ageing skin. Helps to strengthen cell communication and repair aiding in the reduction of wrinkle depth and fine lines.

Mel –  Promotes moisture production and purifies the skin.  Source – Honey

Melaleuca alternifolia:  provides purifying, germicidal and detoxifying benefits to oily and problematic skin conditions.  Source – Tea Tree leaves.

Melia Azadirachta Leaf Extract (Neem Leaf Extract): Extensively used in Ayurveda and Homoeopathic medicine to treat many health-related problems and ailments. Contains antioxidant properties.

Melissa Officinalis Leaf Oil: An essential oil also known as Lemon Balm or Sweet Balm.  that purifies and detoxifies oily congested skin conditions while providing light-weight moisturisation.  Source – Lemon Balm leaves

Mental Lactate:  Cools and refreshes the skin.  Source: Menthol and Lactic Acid.

Mentha piperita:  Purifying and cooling for the skin.  Source – Japanese Mint.

Menthol (L): Provides a cooling and refreshing sensation for the skin and provides astringent actions for oily skin conditions.  Source – Peppermint and mint oils.

Methylcellulose:   Thickening agent that increases the volume of a formula in place of heavy oils; gives the skin a surface softening and moisturising treatment without leaving a greasy residue. Source – plant cellulose fiber.

Mica: Light-reflective minerals that provide an extensive range of colours for cosmetic formulations; increases the appearance of skin radiance by enhancing the light reflective capability of the surface of the skin where it is naturally absent as in the case of a dull, dry, dehydrated skin.

Micro Beads: These smooth polyethylene beads remove loosened skin cells without lacerating healthy skin; provides a soft and gentle form of skin polishing suitable for delicate and sensitive skin conditions.

Micronised Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide provide superior non-irritating SPF protection from UVA and UVB rays; a more gentle and suitable choice of SPF for skins that are sensitive to other chemical sun blockers.

Mineral Oil – Cosmetic grade mineral oil is used widely as a lubricant in cosmetic products such as foundations, lipsticks, cream blushes, eyeshadow and lip glosses.  Used in skincare products for its lightweight skin conditioning benefits.  Source – Petrolatum.

Mixed Tocopherols 95%: Provides broad spectrum antioxidant protection halting the formation of free radicals upon skin exposure to UVA radiation and other sources of oxidative stress such as pollution and smoking. Prevents the delicate oils of your cell membranes being attached and damaged minimising the risk of cell injury while ramping up the skin’s natural moisturising factors that strengthen the skin’s barrier function.

Moringa Pterygosperma Seed Oil: Nutrient dense oil containing Vitamins A, C and E improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles with; has purifying, soothing and calming properties has been used with minor sunburn, rashes, and skin infections. Helps clear blackheads and pimples and prevent the reoccurrence of blemishes with regular use.

Morus Alba – Inhibits the activity of Tyrosinase, a skin enzyme responsible for producing melanin (skin colour); skin brightening agent for concerns of hyperpigmentation and general skin discolouration.  Source – Mulberry Root

Mulberry: Morus Alba Root Extract helps to improve the appearance of discoloration by targeting over-production of the skin’s natural pigment (Melanin) to create a more even appearance  to skin colour.

Multi-peptide Complex: Consisting of Syn–Ake, Snap–8
(Agiriline), Myoxinol. Syn– tacks, Oligopeptide–8, Myristoyl Tetrapeptide–8. Myristoyl Tetrapeptide–8
and Oligopeptide-8 this powerful Complex supplies the skin with targeted instructions to stimulate skin rejuvenation by increasing collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid production to restore skin volume, texture, and resilience while reducing wrinkle depth and diminishing fine lines.

Multi-Vitamin Complex: Blend of nourishing vitamins, Ceramides & Milk Lipids to keep your skin hydrated & luminous while supplying cells with critical skin defense against free radical damage.

Multifruit BSC – A potent blend of naturally occurring AHA’s including L-Lactic Acid, Sodium L-Lactate, Bilberry, Sugar Cane and Citric Acid to gently exfoliate and resurface the skin helping to smooth fine lines and increase moisture levels in the skin.

 

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Natural Glycerin: Also known as Glycerol; a naturally sourced skin humectant attracting water from the air ensuring and holding on the skin’s surface keeping it supple and hydrated, reduces surface skin roughness and tightness imparting a multi-functional skin conditioning treatment.

Neem Leaf Extract: Extensively used in Ayurveda and Homoeopathic medicine to treat many health-related problems and ailments. C

NiacinamideVitamin B3:  Improves skin moisturisation and helps to enhance the barrier function of the skin; promotes an even looking skin tone through suppressing melanosome (small parcels of pigment) transfer to reduce problem pigmentation conditions associated with sun exposure, pregnancy and medications; exhibits anti-inflammatory action to soothe and calm blemishes and inflamed skin; is a powerful and effective skin mattifying vitamin helping to reduce oily shine, skin blockages and breakouts; improves appearance of fine lines and wrinkles; repairs the skin’s barrier function; fortifies the skin with supercharged antioxidants to protect the skin from the oxidative stress of free radicals.

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Oat Glucans: Antioxidant; supports the recovery of damaged tissue more commonly seen in irritated skin conditions such as Eczema and Dermatitis.  Has been shown to increase the healing time of infected skin lesions in the case of Grade 3 and 4 Acne.  Source: Oats (Avena sativa)

Octadecyl D-Glucoside – Moisturises the skin by imparting an emollient and supple finish to the skin surface.  Source – Coconut

Octinoxate: This gentle chemical filter used in sunscreen formulas to protect against the skin damaging and ageing effects of UVB rays.

Octocrylene:  A popular additive chemical compound used in sunscreen products because it for its emollient and moisture retaining properties keeping the skin smooth; provides a less irritating options for UV-absorbing chemical sunscreens to minimise ageing; has been known has been combined with chemical sunscreens such Avobenzone which is often found in sunscreens as well; can be found in specific types of products ranging from BB cream, sunscreen, CC cream, tanning accelerators and many more.

Oil soluble Vitamin C (Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate): Soothing alternative to water soluble forms of Vitamin C having a neutral pH to maintain its stability, potency and bioactivity for an extended time; offers superior skin penetration, clarifies and brightens the skin; is UV protectant; provides the skin with a melody of potent and skin corrective antioxidants to shield your ageing skin from further damage.

Olea europaea – Source of natural Squalane, a skin nutrient fatty acids, softening and moisturising for the skin; loaded with free radical neutralising antioxidants, such as anti-aging Vitamin A, plus polyphenols and phytosterols, including the rare compound hydroxytyrosol.  Source – Olive Oil.

Olive Leaf Extract & Ginkgo Biloba to re-boost your skins naturally depleted antioxidant defenses to protect the skin from ageing and further damage.

Olive Oil: With superior skin penetrating capability this plant oil delivers a skin conditioning and emollient treatment to dry to ultra-dry and dehydrated skin conditions. Source – Olive (Olea europaea).

Optical Diffusers: Disperses light across the skin surface delivering a renewed flash of radiance to minimise the appearance of dark circles, skin discolouration’s, improves tired, dull eyes.

Orange oil: This soothing, delightfully fragrant antiseptic oil is known for its ability to help calm sensitive or irritated skin.  Source – fresh peel of the ripe fruit of the sweet orange blossom tree.

Orange peel:  Reduces inflammation while imparting a purifying and refreshing finish to your skin.  Source – fresh peel of the ripe fruit of the sweet orange blossom tree.

Organic Hydrofoam:  Derived from coconut and sugar sources, this gently foaming organically derived ingredient de-greases, cleanses and purifies the skin thoroughly while maintaining the health of the skin’s natural barrier.

Organic rosemary oil:  A powerful botanic antimicrobial helping to protect your skin from free radical damage with its potent anti-oxidant properties; aids in reducing breakout activity by targeting the bacteria that hides inside skin pores and soothes any associated inflammation.

 

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PABA:  Para-amino benzoic acid (PABA) is a chemical found in the folic acid vitamin and also in several foods including grains, eggs, milk, and meat; used as a sunscreen because it can block ultraviolet (UV) radiation to the skin.

Palmitoyl Oligopeptide/Tetrapeptide 7:  Synthetic peptides designed to help reduce depth, length and volume of wrinkles and improve skin thickness; can penetrate deeper skin layers and activates the skin’s natural production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid; reduces inflammation that triggers the degrading of collagen and elastin helping to slow the ageing process of the skin.

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5: Helps address extracellular matrix damage and inhibits skin inflammation; provides superior anti-ageing skin firming and moisturising properties improving the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while regulating your skin’s natural processes.

Palmitoyl Tripeptide-38 (Neutrazen) – A soothing, calming tri-peptide that promotes a youthful appearance through its ability to signal the production of collagen for plumping wrinkles and fine lines; delivers powerful anti-wrinkle benefits by acting on skin-rebuilding essentials and smoothing wrinkles from the inside helping the skin retain its youthful firmness and radiant glow.

Panthenol (Vitamin B complex factor/pro-vitamin B5):  Combines the benefits of a nutrient-dense dose of hydrating, emollient, and anti-inflammatory factors in one Vitamin; calms and soothes irritated skin conditions; relieves itching and soothes sunburn while aiding the skin’s natural healing and repair processes; stimulates cell renewal while supporting underlying skin tissues integrity.  Source – the alcohol of Panthenol, Vitamin B complex factor/provitamin B5.

Pantothenic Acid (Part of Vitamin B Complex):  Pantothenic acid is important for our bodies and skin as it provides nutritional support for the optimal use carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids for healthy skin.

Papain/ Papain enzymes:  With it, Proteolytic (protein digesting) capabilities this enzyme assists with the smoothing, conditioning, and exfoliation of the skin.  Source – Papaya fruit.

Papaver Somniferum (Poppy) Seed: Effectively, yet gently, smoothens and softens skin; rich in fatty acids, especially Linoleic Acid, poppy seeds are effective in treating skin conditions where the skin natural barrier is impaired e.g. Eczema

Parabens:  Preservative agents used to maintain the stability and shelf-life of skincare and cosmetic preparations; provides broad spectrum anti-microbial protection to formulation particularly where water is the main component but is also effective in oil-soluble products.

Passion Flower:  Anti-inflammatory ingredient to reduce swelling in skin tissues such as inflamed breakouts, Psoriasis and Eczema.  Source – Passion Flower.

Pelargonium graveolens – Soothes wounds; detoxifies the skin; provides astringent and purifying benefits; rejuvenates the skin.  Source – Geranium.

PEPHA®-TIGHT:  A state of the art dual action skin rejuvenator from deep sea algae that delivers instant gratification by way of its “instant” visible lifting action whilst providing a veil of protection from oxidative stress, and long-lasting skin tightening effects. Source – deep sea algae.

Peppermint Essential Oil – Provides a refreshing burst of comfort to the skin whilst calming any inflammation of existing breakouts.

Peppermint:  Provides a soothing treatment for your digestion, calms body aches and pains, aids cramping and the flushing of toxic build-up from your digestive system and skin.

Peptides:  Provide a variety of anti-ageing and skin rejuvenation benefits for ageing and the sun damaged skin; stimulates the natural growth of collagen and elastin to improve and soften the appearance of your lines and wrinkles.

Perfluorocarbons (PFCs): This state-of-the-art ingredient delivery system attracts oxygen to revive the look of tired, ageing eyes.

Peumus boldus (D-Boldine) – Powerful antioxidant; calming and melanin suppressing properties helping to reduce pigmentation; purifying.  Source – Chilean Boldo Tree.

Phenylbenzimidazole Sulfonic Acid:  Provides state-of-the-art broad-spectrum protection against the ageing effects of UVA and UVB exposure.

Phoenix Dactylifera (Date) Seed: Containing natural lactic acid, date seed is an excellent chemical and physical exfoliant for the skin. Conditions the skin with its surface smoothing and hydrating effects; fights free radicals and irritation with its high levels antioxidants and essential fatty acids.  Source – Date Seed

Phospholipids: A group pf complex fatty substances that naturally exist in all living cells including the cells of human skin.  Their primary function is to reinforce the skin’s natural protection and resistance to free radical damage; possesses powerful water binding capabilities adding to its skin conditioning benefits creating a supple and dewy appearance to the skin.

Phytosterols: Plant-derived skin rejuvenators that stimulate cell division and healthy maturing of skin cells as they mature.  Source – broccoli, cabbage, squash, other vegetables and whole grains.

Pipecolic Acid – An amino acid which strengthens the walls of skin cells to assist in moisture retention.  Source – Broad Bean Ginger (Vicia faba).

Potassium Azelaoyl Diglycinate:  A derivative of Azelaic Acid, this ingredient acts on the skin oil glands to reduce the amount and thickness of sebum (oil) being produced in acne prone skins.

Prebiotics/Probiotics:  Help balances the skin’s natural bacteria levels and decrease blemish-causing bacteria that are the root cause of inflammation and pus forming acne lesions.

Pregnenolone: A corticosteroid that acts on inflammation in the skin and reduces associated stings and itchiness of irritated skin such in the case of Rosacea, Eczema, Psoriasis and contact Dermatitis.

Pro-vitamin B-5 (Panthenol):  Combines the benefits of a nutrient-dense dose of hydrating, emollient, and anti-inflammatory factors in one Vitamin; calms and soothes irritated skin conditions; relieves itching and soothes sunburn while aiding the skin’s natural healing and repair processes; stimulates cell renewal while supporting underlying skin tissues integrity.  Source – the alcohol of Panthenol, Vitamin B complex factor/provitamin B5.  

Proline (L):  Amino Acid to help improve the appearance of wrinkles and provides anti-ageing benefits.  Source – plants, wheat, and gelatin.

Propylene Glycol:  An organic alcohol with moisture carrying and moisture binding capabilities; moisturises and conditions, reduces flakiness restoring suppleness to the skin.  I also used as a stabiliser and preservative for ingredients in a formula.

Proxylane™: Restores water and nutrients to improve your skin’s firmness while reducing the appearance of wrinkles and crow’s feet.

Prunus amygdalus dulcis: Skin softening emollient.  Source: kernels of the almond tree.

Prunus avium: Rich in flavonoids and antioxidants to prevent premature ageing.  Source – the seed of the Sweet Cherry.

Prunus cerasus:  Antioxidant.  Source – tart cherries.

Prunus persica:  High in vitamins and minerals; increases skin suppleness.  Source – peach seeds.

Prunus serotina:  Regenerative; calming and soothing; anti-oxidant; astringent; detoxifying.  Source – Wild Cherry Bark.

Punica granitum – Calming and soothing; purifying and detoxifying.  Source – Pomegranate Seeds.

Pyridoxine: Contain Vitamin B6; anti-problem skin; it is required for the proper function of sugars, fats, and proteins in the body including the skin; required for the proper growth and development of the skin and nourishes the skin’s own lipid bi-layer (oil and water layers) Source – cereals, beans, vegetables, liver, meat, and eggs.

 

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Raspberry Fruit Extract:  An astringent used for its tightening and pore refining benefits; assists in strengthening blood vessel walls to prevent broken capillaries around the site of inflammatory breakouts and areas of skin prone to flushing.

Red Mandarin Orange Oil:    antifungal and anti-viral properties. It forms a protective covering for the skin helping to strengthen the skin immune response and healing.

Red Seaweed Extract:  Contains potent and vital nutrients to help balance the skin and maintain its optimal healthy function.

Resveratrol: Protects from age-accelerating free radical damage by shielding the natural oils of your skin cells and regulating healthy skin growth and repair. Calming and soothing

Resveratrol: Calming and soothing; provides anti-oxidant and free radical scavenging properties; inhibits the effects of UVB radiation on the skin; used for these vast anti-ageing benefits; acts as a silent information regulator to promote healthy cell life and cell longevity improving the appearance of tired skin overnight!  Source – fermented grape skins and red wine.

Retinoic Acid:  A Vitamin A derivative used for its skin rejuvenation effects and its ability to treat acne, ageing and sun damaged skin.

Retinol (Retinyl Palmitate) – Lipid-soluble vitamin A which helps to smooth dry, thick and rough skin by encouraging the natural exfoliation processes of the skin helping t to even skin tone; clinically proven to improve the appearance of ageing skin and skin discolorations. Helps exfoliate your skin and decrease the occurrence of blemishes while smoothing and re-conditioning the surface layers of your skin.

Retinol H10 Technology:  A new generation Retinol combining a complex of Triglycerides, Tocopherol and Hydrogenated Retinol delivering unprecedented hydration, skin renewal, plumping, reduction of fine lines and wrinkles.

rh-Oligopeptide-1 (EGF): Growth Factor that stimulates the growth of new, healthy Collagen fibers aiding in skin rejuvenation by plumping the volume of the skin and reducing the appearance of wrinkle depth.

Ribes Nigrum: Detoxifying; purifying; antioxidant; rich in gamma linoleic acid; helps improve problematic skin conditions like Acne.  Source – Black Current Seeds.

Rice Bran Oil: Provides conditioning benefits for the skin.  Source – broken coats of rice grains.

Rose Otto Oil:  Steam distilled essential oil used for its incredible perfume and is most suited to a dry, sensitive and ageing skin for its potent hydrating and nourishing effects: provides a tonic and astringent effect on capillaries making it a therapeutic choice for the treatment of broken capillaries and sensitive skin conditions.  Source – Rosa damascena flowers.

Rosehips:  Rich antioxidant protective ability coupled with its high Vitamin C levels protects your skin and body capillaries from free radical damage.  Source – Fruits of various species of wild roses.

Rosemary Extract (Rosmarinus Officinalis) Astringent, toning, stimulating, deodorant, antiseptic reactivating, anti-bacterial, softening and invigorating properties. Source – Rosemary plant.

Rubus Fruticosus (Blackberry) Leaf Extract: Rich in Vitamin C and A providing cell protective antioxidant benefits while soothing and refreshing to the skin.

Rucus aculeatus (Butcher’s Broom)Supports the vascular system of the body and skin by strengthening blood vessel walls aiding in preventing broken capillaries.  Source – Butcher’s Broom plant.

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Saccharomyces Ferment Lysate Filtrate: – A bio-optimised (yielded to its maximum potential and potency) yeast extract that helps prevent free-radical damage to the skin.

Safflower:  Skin conditioner and emollient importing a supple and smooth texture to the skin.

Salicylic Acid:  This pharmaceutical grade Beta Hydroxy Acid is an approved FDA anti-acne ingredient proven to unclog congested skin cells; removes excess sebum and dead skin cells that have accumulated because of dysfunctions defined as hyper seborrhoea (overproduction of sebum) and hyper keratinisation (excessive production of dead skin cells within the follicle); removes existing blackheads and whiteheads, but also precludes any further obstructions when used regularly. Cleansers with 2 percent salicylic acid have been shown to be more effective than cleansers with 10 percent benzoyl peroxide. Additionally, salicylic acid is less irritating than benzoyl peroxide and does not bleach fabrics.  Sources: Willow bark, pumpkin seeds, wintergreen leaves, licorice, marigold, sweet birch.

Salix alba: Soothing; calming; reduces irritation.  Source – Willow Bark.

Salvia officinalis: Purifying; anti-oxidant; detoxifying; calming.  Source – Sage herb.

Saponins: Calming properties; natural foaming agent for cleansers to assist in de-greasing the skin without stripping its natural moisture.  Source – Yucca schidigera.

Santalum album:  Soothes and moisturises dry skin conditions; purifier and astringent for oily skin conditions and breakouts.  Source – Sandalwood Tree

Saw Palmetto: Testosterone-blocking agent used to assist in the prevention and reduction of acne lesions where infection, pus, and swelling are present.

SD Alcohol 3-C (INCI for Ethanol) – See Ethanol.

Sea Buckthorn Fruit Oil: A redness reducing oil; provides rapid healing and anti-obedient repairing benefits for Rosacea skins; anti-ageing benefits to reduce the ageing factors associated with chronic and severe skin inflammation; nourishes the skin and reinforces the skin’s natural barrier function; sedative properties cushioning the skin from irritation and inflammation associated with ageing and stressed skin conditions.

Serenoa repens: Contains fatty acids, plant sterols and flavonoids for skin protective benefits and maintains cell health; purifying; nourishing; helps maintain overall optimal skin health; revitalises mature lackluster skin.  Source – Palmetto Berries.

Sesamum Indicum (Sesame) Seed Extract: Nourishes and softens drier skin conditions and rejuvenates an ageing skin with Vitamins A and E.

Shea Butter: Soothing, calming, emollient and regenerative for the skins natural defense against the environment.  Contains L-phytosterols and D-alpha-tocopherol protection against lipid peroxidation (where free radicals cause oils in the cell to go rancid). Soothing, calming; emollient; regenerative. Source: Karite tree (Butyrospermum paradoxum).

Silicone: Skin protectant; water binding capabilities; provides lightweight moisturising benefits to skins needing optimal moisturisation without heavy oil content. Source – natural silica from rocks.

Silk Serica:  Stimulates the rapid renewal of your skin cells and promotes collagen production leaving your skin soothed and softened.

Simmondsia Chinensis:  Like human sebum (oil) in its composition; hydrating; emollient.  Source – Jojoba plant.

Skin Firming Peptides (Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-38) improves the appearance of lines and wrinkles by stimulating collagen and elastin formation to restore volume to sagging thin skin your eye area and ageing skin in general.

Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate: Provides skin conditioning and anti-ageing benefits for the skin while reinforcing the skin with a dose of anti-oxidant protection.

Sodium Benzoate:  Also known as Benzoate of Sodium, the sodium salt of Benzoic Acid; preservative used to prevent the growth of bacteria, yeast, and mold in a formula.  Source – naturally found in cranberries, prunes, greengage plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, apples.

Sodium Chloride:  Adjusts the pH of a product; preserves a formula; acts as an astringent on the skin and provides a purifying effect on problem skin conditions.  Source – Sea Water.

Sodium Hyaluronate:  Delivers exceptional lubricating and hydrating qualities to the skin by holding 1,000 times its weight in water to restore a supple, silky smooth texture to the skin. Sodium Hydrogenated Glutamate: Emulsifier aiding the blending of water and oil in a formula.  Source – Sodium carbonate, calcium hydroxide.

Sodium Lactylate: Improves cell proliferation, production, and maturation helping to regulate the healthy function of the skin.  Source – yogurt, naturally in your skin and Lactic Acid salt.

Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate:  A mild emulsifier with moisturising benefits.  Source – sodium salt of the Lauric acid ester of lactyl lactate derived from milk and coconut oil.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS):  Surfactant ingredient used for its deep cleansing abilities for very oily skin conditions as it emulsifies fats in skin oils.

Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate:  Gentle, mild cleansing agent used in cleansing preparations for more sensitive skin and sensitised skin conditions.  Source – Coconut.

Sodium PCA & Vegetable Glycerin:  Provide a soothing and deep hydration treatment to keep skin supple and soft while reducing surface tightness and flaking.

Sodium PCA: A high-performance moisture retaining ingredient and component of your skin’s Natural Moisturising Factor.  A derivative of Amino Acids, it is highly water absorbing with the ability to absorb moisture from its surrounds, making it a superior skin hydrator.  Source – molasses.

Sorbitol:  Natural moisturiser; moisture-binding humectant which improves the skin’s ability to retain moisture and stay hydrated.  Source – Sugar alcohol.

Soy Isoflavones:  Contains highly potent antioxidants; improves skin clarity and rejuvenates skin texture and tone. Calming and soothing; enhances Hyaluronic Acid production in the skin aiding in the plumping of fine lines and wrinkles.  Source: soybeans (Glycine maximus).

Soybean oils: Deliver a rich dose of nourishing lipids to a dry and devitalized complexion returning it to a supple soft texture with renewed radiance.

Sphingolipids: One principal group of fatty lipids (oils) naturally present in the cell membranes of skin tissue that aid in the moisture plumping capabilities of the skin.

Spin Trap (phenyl Butyl Nitrone):  Provides the skin with an intense dose of anti-oxidants which elevate the vital deep tissue oxygen levels necessary for defending the skin against ageing free radicals; supports and protects the skin from environmental stress and damage; helps to improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Spinancia oleracea:  Rich in vitamins and calcium; anti-oxidant.  Source – Spinach leaf.

Squalane: Non-animal derived alternative to shark squalene.  Nourishes and protects cell membranes; mimics the natural lipid content of the skin and helps support the skin barrier as the skin’s first line of defense against water loss; is a skin conditioning emollient that also regenerates and nourishes your skin tissues while retaining critical moisture levels in your skin. Source – olives (Olea europaea)

Stay-C® – 50:  A highly stable form of L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) at a concentration of 6% provides skin healing, anti-bacterial and sebo-regulating actions to reduce healing time and breakout severity in problematic skins.

Stearic Acid:  Emulsifier; emollient.  Source – butter acids, cascarilla bark, vegetable lipids.

Stearyl Alcohol:  Natural fatty alcohol imparting skin conditioning and emollient benefits for the skin; helps bind other active ingredients together for maximum effect on the skin.  Source – Coconut Oil.

Stone Root Extract: Mattifies and provides an anti-inflammatory benefit where inflammation and irritation are present in the skin.  Source – Stone Root.

Sulfur: Keratolytic (protein digesting) action decongests follicles preventing blackhead congestion and breakouts; drying effect on excess sebum (oils) to help control breakouts. Source: Broccoli (Brassica oleracea).

Sunflower Oil/Seed Oil:  Rich in fatty acids and triglycerides this lightweight oil delivers superior skin conditioning and moisturising relief to dry dehydrated skin conditions.

Superoxide Dismutase: Natural enzyme antioxidant that can decompose the highly aggressive and toxic Superoxide free radical species; protects the DNA of skin cells being destroyed or mutated.  Source – enzymes.

Sweet Almond Oil: Nourishes and reinforces the protective function of dry and sensitised skin conditions where flaking, irritation and chronic dehydration are present; imparts a light-weight easily absorbed emollient treatment for the skin natural protective barrier function.  Source – Seeds of Almond plant.

SYN®-AKE:  A synthetic polypeptide complex that dramatically relaxes the appearance of deep wrinkles and mimetic or expression lines by as much as 58%.

SYN®-COLL (Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5):   A super potent transdermal micro collagen peptide complex that provides a dramatic anti-wrinkle effect overall delivering a visible wrinkle filling effect, plus a noticeable firming and smoothing action for ageing skin.

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Tangerine:  Provides a sweet and uplifting aroma to cosmetic and skincare products.  Source – Peels of Tangerine species

Tartaric Acid:  An organic acid with high anti-oxidant properties.  Source – Red Wine.

TCA Complex: Trichloracetic acid; potent exfoliant.  Source – bioengineered

Tea Tree Oil:  Balances, soothes and clarifies oily skin conditions while clearing breakouts via its powerful anti-bacterial properties.  Source: Australian Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia).

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate: A stable form of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C); a proven antioxidant and vital component for promoting the production of healthy collagen to plump the skin improving the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines; free radical scavenger that fights signs of ageing while helping to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation and age spots.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (7%): A lipid (oil) soluble vitamin C; stimulates synthesis of new collagen and elastin helping to prevent premature skin ageing; clarifies and brightens the skin by minimising visible pigmentation marks.

Tetrahydrocurcumoids: Contains polyphenols antioxidants; calms and soothes; inhibits cell membranes from becoming rancid when exposed to free radicals.  Source: rhizomes of the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa).

Tetrapeptide-30: Skin brightening peptide aiding in the blocking of over production of melanin causing hyperpigmentation.

Theobroma cacao: Soothing; skin protectant with conditioning emollient properties.  Source – Cocoa seeds.

Thermus Thermophillus Ferment:  Provides a nutritionally dense anti-oxidant treatment for the skin while delivering a smoothing and softening effect to the skin texture.

Tissue Nutrient Solution (TNS®):  Combination of growth factors and other naturally occurring elements that help rejuvenate dull and ageing skin; improves the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and overall skin tone and texture of neglected skin.

Titanium Dioxide:  A naturally occurring non-irritating, broad spectrum mineral sunscreen that reflects UV rays; more suitable for use on sensitive skin conditions as an alternative to chemical sunscreen ingredients.  Source – Minerals.

TNS Recovery Complex® Human Fibroblast Conditioned Media (TNS®): A physiologically balanced, naturally secreted and stabilised growth factor blend that helps improve the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, skin tone, and texture.

Tocomin: A Vitamin E Complex including four tocopherol isomers (D-alpha, D-beta, D-gamma, and D-delta) as well as four Tocotrienol isomers (D-alpha, D-beta, D-gamma, and D-delta). Powerful antioxidant benefits.

Tocopherol:  Vitamin E: a Natural component of cell membranes functioning to protect from free radical damage.

Tocopheryl Acetate – A form of fat or oil soluble vitamin E; antioxidant and free-radical scavenger and primary component for healthy skin cell membranes; strengthens skin healing and repair processes by delivering skin conditioning nutrients.  Source – Wheat Germ oil and cereal germs.

Tocotrienols:  A component of Vitamin A; anti-oxidant properties.  Source – palm or rice bran oil.

Trehalose (D) – Known as the “sugar of life”; can form a protective membrane above the cell and protect it under adverse conditions such as environmental stress and UV exposure; helps retain skin moisture and imparts anti-ageing properties.  Source – plants.

Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) – Astringent; purifying; aggressive exfoliating actions for the skin.  Source – bioengineered.

Tri-Peptides and Tetrapeptide: Work in synergy to lift and firm the skin while reducing wrinkle depth by up to 49%.

Triglycerides: Any of several naturally occurring fatty lipids; chief constituents of fats and oils, including the fat cells in the human body.

Tripeptide-33: Protects against premature aging caused by UV-induced DNA damage.

Tyrostat 11™: Rumex Occidentalis; a powerful pigment inhibitor and skin brightener; dramatically fades skin age spots, hormonal marks, and other skin discolorations; powerful anti-redness and anti-erythema action.

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Ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q):  A group of compounds used for their potent antioxidant and skin conditioning benefits; aids in the cells ability to procure energy to function and maintain healthy skin.

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Vaccinium angustifolium:  Anti-oxidant; calming.  Source – Burberry

Vaccinium macrocarpon:  Detoxifying and purifying for sluggish problematic skin conditions.  Source – Cranberry.

Valerian:  A powerful antioxidant with calmative and sedating effects.

Vanilla Planifolia Fruit Oil: Natural fragrance.  Source – Vanilla Bean.

Vegetable Glycerine:  Skin conditioning emollient; seals and heals the natural barrier of the skin to prevent chronic dehydration, free radical damage, and ongoing sensitisation.

Verbena Officinalis: Soothing; uplifting aromatic scent.  Source – Lemon Verbena herb.

Vitamin A: Anti-aging; stimulates turnover and encourages healthy cell renewal.

Vitamin B5 (Calcium Pantothenate, Pantethine, Panthenol): attracts water molecules from the surrounding environment through absorption or adsorption to increase the water volume in your skin helping to smooth fine lines and reduce wrinkle depth.

Vitamin C (Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate):  A stable, lipid-soluble ester form of ascorbic acid; free radical scavenger; assists in regulating pigment production helping to brighten the appearance of the skin while fading irregular skin colour; calming and soothing your skin.

Vitamin E (Tocopheryl Acetate & Tocopheryl Linoleate) – Stabilized forms of Vitamin E, which are important antioxidant and free-radical scavengers; important antioxidant recycler and vital factor for healthy skin cells; keeps the skin moist and supple; healing and repairing for ageing and damaged skin; conditions the skin to a supple and superbly moisturised; restores the barrier function of the skin through its supreme anti-oxidant, soothing and healing properties.

Vitazymes™ B complex: A concentrated dose of encapsulated B Group Vitamins delivers mattifying benefits for an oily skin; reduces fine lines and wrinkles; reduces and prevents pigmentation while delivering soothing and calming, and moisture-retaining benefits delivering a supple texture and lustrous glow.

Vitis vinifera – Soothes; calms; detoxifying; anti-oxidant; anti-irritant.  Source – Grape Seeds.

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Wakame Kelp (Undaria Pinnati da) Extract: Rich in sodium, iron, potassium, calcium, and Vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12.
Conserves the natural reserves of Hyaluronic Acid in your skin for maximum volume and hydration.

Wasabi Extract: Soothes and comforts the skin; reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Wheat Germ: Nourishing and skin conditioning emollient source of Vitamin E.

Whey Protein/Whey Powder:  Firming; brightening; nourishing; moisturising.  Source – milk whey.

Willowherb: Contains the highly bioactive molecule oenothein-B that provides soothing, regenerative, calming properties. Source: Canadian willowherb (Epilobum angustifolium).

Witch Hazel Extract: Credited with anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties; used for its anti-itching and calming effects; superior skin refreshing capabilities while its ethanol content helps to impart and astringent action on oily problematic skin conditions.

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Xanthum Gum: Natural thickener and emulsifier.  Source – Sea plants.

Xylitol: A complex of three natural sugar compounds that can entrap free water molecules and stimulate your skin’s natural production of hyaluronic acid; increases the skin’s water content revealing a more dewy and fuller skin.

Xylitylglucoside:  A naturally occurring super hydrating ingredient that comes from the sugars located in wheat; increases the water volume of the Dermis while reinforcing the Barrier function of the Epidermis.

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Yucca Vera Extract: Calms and soothes the skin preventing chronic dehydration and releases surface tension in the upper layers of the skin to prevent damage to the natural barrier function while reducing the appearance of fine lines.

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Zea Mays (Yellow Corn) Kernel Meal: Absorbs quickly into the skin to hydrate and soften without irritation or leaving a greasy finish. Rich in anti-aging antioxidants and Vitamin E, it gives skin a youthful glow and helps reduce the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines.  Source – Cornsilk.

Zeolite: Crystalline hydrated silicates that have molecular cages that trap and remove heavy metal pollutants.  Source – volcanoes.

ZinClear: ZinClear offers the most advanced form of Zinc Oxide.  Developed by research scientists in Western Australia, ZinClear provides remarkable protection against the ultraviolet rays of the sun; non-irritating, mineral sunscreen; provides broad-spectrum protection from both UVA and UVB rays; non-whitening and non-greasy on the skin.

Zinc Gluconate:  Provides support for the body’s natural absorption of Zinc.  Source – zinc salt of gluconic acid.

Zinc oxide (Z-Cote®): Microfine zinc oxide providing broad spectrum protection against burning UVB as well as ageing UVA rays without leaving a ghostly white residue.  Z-COTE HP-1 is a Registered Trademark of BASF.

Zinc Oxide (ZinClear) – ZinClear, the most advanced form of Zinc Oxide.  Developed by research scientists in Western Australia, ZinClear provides remarkable protection against the ultraviolet rays of the sun; Non-irritating, mineral sunscreen.

Zinc Oxide:  Has long been used as a primary topical agent in protecting against skin damage from the UVA and UVB rays of the sun. It is safe. But it has always had the disadvantage of covering the skin in whiteness. Zinc, a mineral, also aids in strengthening/calming and soothing to the skin.

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