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Skin Health Emporium

Skin Types

Understanding your Skin Type is an essential first step to empowering you to make educated and correct choices of our selection of results driven medical grade skincare systems.

We believe that the true brilliance of your skin can only revealed when the skins foundational health has been identified, treated and maintained on a daily basis. This will ensure that the up-take of specialised products required for your associated Skin Conditions will be absorbed more efficiently and effectively to achieve results.

Facts about Skin Types

  • Genetically determined – you are born with your very own unique coding that determines your Skin Type.
  • They are a constant in your lifetime meaning that your Skin Type is with you day in – day out for your life.
  • Relative to the amount or lack of oil that your oil glands produce and the behaviour of your blood vessels.
  • Hormonal events such as Puberty, Menstrual Periods, Pregnancy, Pre-Menopause and Menopause will have an influence your Skin Type

Used on a daily basis, Cleansers, Toners, Moisturisers and SPF skincare products maintain and balance your Skin Type.

Below are the key characteristics that can help you understand your Skin Type so you can be well on your way to becoming an expert in your own skin health.

  • Dry
  • Oily
  • Normal
  • /
    Normal/Oily
  • /
    Normal/Dry
  • Acne
  • Sensitive

Dry

Dry

Skin Type

A DRY Skin Type is determined by the skin’s oil glands, known as sebaceous glands, where they produce little or no oil

01

Causes

  • Harsh soap
  • Malnutrition
  • Wrong skincare
  • Medical conditions
02

Looks Like

  • Dull
  • Lacklustre
  • Lacks dewy radiance
  • Flaky
  • No open pores
03

Feels Like

  • Rough
  • Dry
  • Uneven
  • Cold to touch

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Dry skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Creamy or oil based

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toners

Toners

SD Alcohol Free

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Preferably an acid based formula for time release stimulation for skin shedding

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Rich and nourishing

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masks

Masks

Nourishing and oil rich

Oily

Oily

Skin Type

The Oily Skin Type is the polar opposite to the Dry Skin Type. The oil glands are producing an ABUNDANCE OR EXCESSIVE AMOUNT OF OIL.

If you have an Oily Skin Type the following precautions must be considered when maintaining the foundation health of this Skin Type.

  • Avoid SD alcohol based cleansers and toners as they strip back the skins protective surface and cause extreme water loss, chronic dehydration, irritation and premature ageing.
  • Associated Skin Conditions of breakouts and blackheads should be treated with specialised treatment products featured in breakout and congestion.
01

Causes

  • Sebaceous Glands produce a large volume of oil
02

Looks Like

  • Shiny/greasy
  • Possible breakouts and blocked pores
  • Visible open pores particularly on the T-Zone
03

Feels Like

  • Greasy
  • Thick but supple skin texture
  • Supple
  • Warm to touch
  • Bumpy if there are breakouts and blackheads

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Oily skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Soap-free pH balanced foaming cleanser

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toners

Toners

SD alcohol free – evens out the skins ability to absorb active ingredients

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Hydroxy Acid based formula to assist in breaking down skin oils and preventing congested pores

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suncare

Suncare

Oil free

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Oil free

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masks

Masks

Oil absorbing clays

Normal

Normal

Skin Type

This is a rare Skin Type in which oil production is evenly balanced all over the skin. The Normal Skin Type is mistaken for ‘perfect skin’ and very often neglects a basic foundational skincare routine.

01

Causes

  • Genetics
  • Even balance of oil and water being produced in the skin.
02

Looks Like

  • Even in colour
  • Tiny pores
  • Flawless
  • Not too shiny – not too dry
  • Few imperfections such as breakouts, flaky patches or obvious dryness
03

Feels Like

  • Velvety soft
  • Skin texture is smooth all over the face and neck

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Normal skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Soap-free PH balanced foaming cleanser

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toners

Toners
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suncare

Suncare

SPF

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Lightweight or tinted for convenience

Normal / Oily

/

Normal/Oily

Skin Type

A combination Skin Type is exactly that – a combination of areas of dryness and areas of obvious oiliness. It is essential that the oilier and dryer areas are equally treated on a daily basis. The Combination Skin Type falls into the 2 categories of Normal to Oily or Normal to Dry.

01

Causes

  • Genetics
  • Imbalance of production of oils in the skin resulting in areas of the skin being oversupplied and other areas being quite even in supply
02

Looks Like

  • T-Zone is shiny or more oily
  • Large pores where there’s oilier shine
  • Dull in areas where oil supply is low
  • Blackheads or breakouts in the oilier areas
03

Feels Like

  • Oily or greasy in T-zone
  • Uneven skin texture in T-Zone
  • Smooth and supple in less oily areas

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Normal/Oily skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Soap-free PH balanced foaming cleanser

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Gentle scrubs to even out the texture of the surface

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suncare

Suncare

SPF

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Light-medium weight moisturiser to supply correct balance of moisture and hydration.

Normal / Dry

/

Normal/Dry

Skin Type

A combination Skin Type is exactly that – a combination of areas of dryness and areas of obvious oiliness. It is essential that the oilier and dryer areas are equally treated on a daily basis. The Combination Skin Type falls into the 2 categories of Normal to Oily or Normal to Dry.

01

Causes

  • Genetics
  • Imbalance of production of oils in the skin resulting in areas of the skin being void of oils while other areas are Normal in oil production
02

Looks Like

  • Areas of uneven dull and lacklustre complexion
  • Flaky patches of skin in the drier areas
  • Uneven dewy appearance
03

Feels Like

  • Tight
  • Parched in some areas
  • Cool in some areas warm in others
  • Texture is rough in drier areas and smoother in normal areas

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Normal/Dry skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Creamy cleanser

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toners

Toners

Even out the porosity of the dry areas

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Hydroxy Acid based formulas help to encourage the even distribution of the skins ceramides (oil factors) which helps keep the skin hydrated and supple

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suncare

Suncare

SPF

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serums

Suncare

SPF

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moisturisers

Serums

A serum, concentrate or face oil may be required as a booster for the daily moisturising routine – it may be required only for the drier areas to give that added dose of oil.

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masks

Moisturisers

Medium-heavyweight moisturiser to supply correct balance of nourishment and hydration

Acne

Acne

Skin Type

Acne is a very complex skin type and one of the most difficult to treat. There are 4 very distinct characteristics that contribute to the Acneic skin type. When you are addressing your Acne it is critical that each of these 4 characteristics are being addressed to control the severity of breakout, inflammation and amount of oil being produced.

4 Contributing Factors

  • More Oil Glands – this means more oil is being produced in an acne skin. The type of oil being produced is also of a different consistency than other skin types. It’s a richer, thicker and stickier oil.
  • More dead skin cells – up to four times more dead skin cells compared to a non-acneic skin type. This is known as retention hyper-keratosis. More skin cells mixed in with the thicker richer and stickier oil means more blocked pores, more breakouts, and a thicker rougher texture on the surface.
  • Less or No Hair – Hairs live inside your pores. They act like a ladder which dead skin cells and oils can travel on to reach the skin surface for shedding or in the case of oil for surface moisturising. When there is a very fine or deformed hair this process is impaired and the pores get blocked. Blockags become blackheads, blind pimples and pusy breakouts.
  • Bacteria – in everyone pores we have these amazing little bacteria called P-Acnes (Proprioni Bacterium). These bacteria thrive in an environment where there is very little if no Oxygen supply. In the case of acne whether the above 3 factors are occurring the pores become devoid of oxygen very quickly. This means these bacteria multiply very quickly in an acneic skin and cause havoc. This havoc result in pain, inflammation, swelling and pus forming in the pores.
01

Causes

  • Genetics
  • More reactive blood vessels
  • More Histamine present in circulation
02

Looks Like

  • Fine, delicate and translucent
  • Visible broken tiny blood vessels called capillaries
  • Flushed particularly on forehead, cheeks, nose and chin
  • Dull and lacklustre due to dehydration from the heat in the skin
  • Fine lines particularly visible with facial expressions
03

Feels Like

  • Hot to touch
  • Fine and delicate
  • Tight and parched
  • Possibly bumpy from small raised broken blood vessels

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Acne skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Soap-free pH balanced foaming cleanser with medicated ingredients

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toners

Toners

SD alcohol free with calming, soothing, anti-bacterial astringent botanicals

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Hydroxy Acid based formula to assist in breaking down skin oils and preventing and unblocking congested pores

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suncare

Suncare

SPF with an oil-free base

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Oil free or mattifying formula supported with medicated anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory cosmeceutical and botanical bases

Sensitive

Sensitive

Skin Type

Looking at your parents’ skin is a great start to confirm you have a Sensitive Skin Type. The skin is reactive as a result of a large amount of pro-inflammatory agents within the skin known as Histamine. Histamine causes blood vessels to swell, leak fluid and blood, signals pain and irritation. In order to protect the integrity of your delicate Sensitive Skin Type and its long-term health we suggest following these simple golden rules.

  • Less Product – keep your routine simple so your skin responds in is a positive not reactive way. Stick to a maximum of 5 products.
  • Less Friction – avoid granular scrubs and gently pat dry your face after showering or cleansing and use only gentle, non-stimulating pressure when applying your skincare products.
  • Less Heat – use tepid water to shower, bathe, and to rinse your skin. Avoid long periods of exposure to dry hot air whenever comfortably possible.
01

Causes

  • Genetics
  • More reactive blood vessels
  • More Histamine present in circulation
02

Looks Like

  • Fine, delicate and translucent
  • Visible broken tiny blood vessels called capillaries
  • Flushed particularly on forehead, cheeks, nose and chin
  • Dull and lacklustre due to dehydration from the heat in the skin
  • Fine lines particularly visible with facial expressions
03

Feels Like

  • Hot to touch
  • Fine and delicate
  • Tight and parched
  • Possibly bumpy from small raised broken blood vessels

Essential Foundation Skincare

for Sensitive skin types
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cleansers

Cleansers

Gel cream or cream based cleanser

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toners

Toners

SD alcohol free with calming, soothing, anti-botanicals to heal and protect the skin

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exfoliants

Exfoliants

Non-abrasive consistency – NO SCRUBS!  Gentle Hydroxy acid formulas can aid in restoring the barrier of the sensitive skin reducing irritation and stinging sensations

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serums

Serums

Add a protective dose of healing ingredients before sealing with your moisturiser

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moisturisers

Moisturisers

Light-medium weight consistency infused with powerful yet gentle anti-inflammatory, healing and strengthening cosmeceutical and botanical extracts SPF perhaps with a low chemical factor such as SPF15 otherwise opt for a physical sunblock with a TITANIUM DIOXIDE base to further calm the skin when exposed to the heat of UVB radiation

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masks

Suncare

SPF perhaps with a low chemical factor such as SPF15 otherwise opt for a physical sunblock with a TITANIUM DIOXDE base to further calm the skin when exposed to the heat of UVB radiation